Article 7216

Title of the article

THE RUSSIAN LEGAL SYSTEM AND THE EUROPEAN COURT
OF HUMAN RIGHTS: PROBLEMS OF INTERACTION

Authors

Terehin Viktor Aleksandrovich, Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, honored lawyer of the Russian Federation, head of sub-department of justice, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), pravosudiepenza@mail.ru

Index UDK

341.01

DOI

10.21685/2072-3016-2016-2-7

Abstract

Background. Many social and political sources, including the media, report that in recent years the European Court of Human Rights has issued a number of resolu-tions, which go beyond the competence specified by the European Convention on Human Rights. Court Acts come into conflict not only with the decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, but also directly with the regulations of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The judicial activism of the European Court has created a number of problems, solutions to which are being sought by the European community, including the Russian Federation. The objectives of this article is to analyze the existing problems and to make suggestions to overcome any legal conflicts.
Materials and methods. The present article analyzes theoretical sources of the relationship between international and domestic laws, the methods to overcome the conflicts in interpretation of rules and regulations between the European Court and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the concept of state sovereignty. Also the work analyzes normative legal acts, the court practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.
Results. The research has showed that some judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, particularly in cases “Konstantin Markin vs. Russia”, “Anchugov and Gladkov vs. Russia”, have gone beyond the European Convention, being in conflict with the norms of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and threatening the state sovereignty of Russia. Individual acts of the European Court are not entirely legal in nature and this can be a key factor of political and economic pressure on the Russian Federation. All of this was a consequence of the unclearly defined competence of the European Court and its judicial activism.
Conclusions. In general, the European Court of Human Rights has played an important role in protecting and realizing the ideals and principles of respect for human rights and the rule of law. It is important to improve the effectiveness of judicial protection of European countries. At the same time the organization and activities of the Court have a number of systemic problems. The Court therefore needs further reformation. In the course of the forthcoming changes its jurisdiction should be stated more clearly optimizing the principle of subsidiarity; there should be provided legal mechanisms of overcoming the conflicts arising in the interpretation of the European Convention. Court Acts must not threaten national sovereignty of states-participants of the Convention.

Key words

European Convention on Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, acts of interpretation, legal conflicts, mechanisms for overcoming contradictions.

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Дата создания: 17.11.2016 08:58
Дата обновления: 17.11.2016 11:02